Abstract: This ocean model is operated at 20km resolution covering the Nordic Seas
and the Arctic Ocean. This specific dataset provides the hourly forecast
fields from the operational model. For historical purposes, the daily
analysis is provided as another dataset. If for some reason the
historical forecast is required, pleased use the contact information
provided to receive this (manual task).
A numerical model is applied to describe the dynamics of the oceans, such
as sea level variations (tides and storm surge), movements in the water
column (currents) and the salinity and temperature. To simulate the ocean,
a 3-D grid is applied with different sizes, i.e., small grids for fine
scale or detailed calculations, and larger or coarser grids to cover
larger areas (and depth). The model runs on a supercomputer, and provides
forecasts of sea level, currents, salinity and temperature for a
time-range between 66 (2.75 days) and 240 hours (10 days). The model is
run operationally, i.e, in a "24/7/365" environment to provide a 99.5%
stability on a yearly basis. Currents from the model is further applied in
emergency-models that simulates pathways of oil slicks and drifting
objects (Search And Rescue).
The ocean model used is the Regional Ocean Modeling System (ROMS). This is
a three-dimensional, free-surface, terrain-following numerical model that
solve the Reynolds-averaged Navier-Stokes equations using the hydrostatic
and Boussinesq assumptions (Haidvogel et al., 2008).
Haidvogel, D. B., H. Arango, W. P. Budgell, B. D. Cornuelle, E.
Curchitser, E. Di Lorenzo, K. Fennel, W. R. Geyer, A. J. Hermann, L.
Lanerolle, J. Levin, J. C. McWilliams, A. J. Miller, A. M. Moore, T. M.
Powell, A. F. Shchepetkin, C. R. Sherwood, R. P. Signell, J. C. Warner,
and J. Wilkin, Ocean forecasting in terrain-following coordinates:
Formulation and skill assessment of the Regional Ocean Modeling System,
JOURNAL OF COMPUTATIONAL PHYSICS, 227, 3595–3624, 2008.